Pimpinella anisum (Apiaceae/Umbelliferae)
Common Names: Jamaica pepper, Kurundu, Myrtle pepper, pimenta, newspice, Anisum vulgare (Gaertn.), A. officinarum (Moench.), Anise, Anisum,Anisi fructus, Aniseed, Sweet Cumin, Common Aniseed
Description: Pimpinella is an annual herb cultivated in many countries but indigenous to the Eastern Mediterranean, Western Asia and North Africa. It grows up to 60cm in height and is Umbelliferous in appearance with leaves varying in shape from heart-shaped to feathery. Flowers are yellow and form umbels. The grey-green fruits (“seeds”) are covered with short hairs and each contains two dark seeds with light ribs.
Habitat and Cultivation: Aniseed grows best in light, fertile, well-drained soil. The seeds should be planted in early spring. Plants do not transplant well after being established, so they should be started either in their final location or transplanted while the seedlings are still small. The ripe dry fruits should be harvested between July and September.
Parts Used: Ripe fruits and Essential Oil
Related Species: Foeniculum vulgare and Carum carvi
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