Burdock Root (Arctium lappa)
Latin Name: Arctium lappa (Asteraceae)
Common Names: Burdock Root
Other names: Bardana, Great Burdock, Hardock, Hareburr, Hurrburr, Turkey Burrseed, Great Bur, Cocklebur, Beggars Buttons, Cockle Buttons, Lappa, Bardane, Thorny Burr, Fox’s Clote, Love Leaves, Personata, Clotbur, Happy Major, Niu Bang Zhi
Description:A substantial biennial plant reaching up to 1.5m in height, with very large ovate-cordate leaves up to 50cm across forming a rosette at ground level, with smaller versions growing up the thick flowering stem. The plant flowers in June and July and the flowers are borne in clusters at the top of the stem; they are globular in shape and covered with a dense array of stiff hooked bracts that cling to clothes on contact. The long roots grow straight down as much as 1m into the subsoil. There are several similar species of burdock and it is often difficult to distinguish one from the other.
Habitat and Cultivation:It grows on roadsides and waste places and around field boundaries throughout Britain, Europe, Asia and North America; it is cultivated in Europe, China and Japan.
The roots and rhizome should be unearthed in September or October of the first year, or in the following spring when the flowers appear. The leaves should be harvested before or during early flowering, and the seeds when ripe in late summer.
Parts Used: Roots and rhizome, (leaves, seeds)
Related Species: minus and A. tomentosum are closely-related and used in similar fashion
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