Galium aparine (Rubiaceae)
Other Names: Cleavers, Goose Grass, Clivers, Goosegrass, Galium, Hedge burs, Sticky-willie, Cleaverwort, Coachweed. Gosling weed, Love-man, Stick-a-back, Sweethearts, Hayruff, Hayriffe, Erriffe, Burweed, Barweed, Goosebill, Hedgeheriffe, Grip grass, Catchweed, Catchgrass, Scratweed, Mutton chops, Robin-run-in-the-grass, Everlasting friendship, Clike, Click, Clitheren, Clithers
French = Gratterton, German = Klebelabkraut, Spanish = Presera, Italian = Cappelo di tignosi
Description: Cleavers is a native, straggling annual, up to 120cm tall, Galium clings to bushes and hedges and to any creature brushing by them, by tiny curved prickles on the angles of the stems and the veins and edges of the thin lanceolate leaves. The leaves, up to 3cm long, occur in whorls of 6-8 encircling the stem. Small greenish-white flowers are borne in peduncles from the axils of each whorl. The round two-lobed fruits form small burrs up to 6mm in diameter, covered with hooked bristles. Galium is a common hedgerow plant throughout Britain, Europe, Canada, and the eastern half and Pacific coast of the United States.
Habitat and Cultivation: The Cleavers plant is harvested from spring to early summer, while flowering but before it becomes too fibrous.
Parts Used: Aerial parts: fresh or dried, Fresh juice
Related Species: verum (Ladies Bedstraw) has vulnerary, astringent & sedative properties.The Mexican species G. orizabense is used by the Mazatecs for intestinal parasites & fevers. G umbrosum from New Zealand has been used to treat Gonorrhoea.
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